Wouldn't it be nice if there were a special place where every player
won every match? In this tennis fantasyland, scores would be
meaningless since every player would be crowned champion. If this is
what you seek, keep on snoozing. When you wake up and smell the
coffee again, you'll remember that every player loses except the
tournament winner. Without a risk of losing, however, your dream
would probably be so boring it would keep you asleep! The challenge
and uncertainty in sport provides much of the thrill and an obsession
with winning only hastens defeat.
Recall from the May 1996 article, The Art of Goal Setting, that task-involved athletes display high intrinsic
motivation, produce maximal effort, and persist longer across a
variety of performance situations. Players emphasizing performance
goals (e.g., higher percentage of first serves) over outcome goals (e.
g., winning) retain more attention for the immediate task at hand.
Getting wrapped up in thoughts about outcome only leads to
distraction, anxiety, and pressure.
What you really want is to be sincerely fascinated with the many
dimensions of performance. Staying excited about performance keeps
you firmly in the present and guards against the loss of self-confidence that could occur when the next Patrick Rafter or Martina
Hingis strolls into town.
Take a few seconds to recall the best performance of your life. You
may not remember the details well because you were so completely
absorbed in the moment. Expending energy dwelling on past mistakes
or possible outcomes would have only spoiled this peak experience.
Your focus on performance that day was admirable and winning took
care of itself. This is where you want to be every match.
One way to remain focused on performance is to set short-term goals.
These should include daily, weekly, and monthly goals. Start by
investing in a small notebook which should be used to keep track of
goals, achievements and comments. A rule of thumb is to set goals
that you can achieve about 55% of the time. If you are reaching your
goals more than 65% of the time set greater challenges. If you
achieve your goals less than 45% of the time set them easier.
Make sure that your performance goals are specific, challenging, and
realistic. Here are some examples of viable performance goals in
- Increase your net approaches by 10 each set.
- Increase your first service percentage from 55% to 70%.
- Replace every on-court negative self-statement with a positive
- Lob the ball at least 50% of the time when in serious trouble.
- Reduce your unforced errors by 5 per set.
Remember to set mental as well as physical performance goals. It
might also help to review the February 1996 article, Increasing Self-Awareness since self-knowledge is the key to setting intelligent
As you notice improvements in performance, don't be surprised if your
opponents begin losing a little more often. Don't win too often or
it might get a little boring! See you next month...