You will find that a large percentage of errors on the serve are from an incorrect toss. Here are some tips that I have given my students over the years to help them understand the toss better.
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- As you turn your left shoulder toward your opponent, think of a clock face -- your left shoulder being at 12 o'clock. Throw your toss at 1 o'clock (11 o'clock for a left hander).
- Make sure your right elbow goes to full extension. It should be above your eye level on contact (before the wrist snaps).
- Keep the toss approximately 18 inches in front of your left hip (right hip for left handers).
- Cup the ball in your toss hand -- do not grab it with your fingers.
- Hit the ball at full extension (get up on your toes).
- A good toss will barely rotate (almost remaining neutral). If it is turning, you are using fingers too much -- allowing the ball to wander away. Set the toss up like a waiter raises a tray of food above his head.
- A good toss will peak only a few inches above your full extension -- allowing you to hit the ball slightly on the fall.