How many times have you been on a tennis court and heard a player, or yourself, say, "Im late
Im early" when hitting an errant stroke? Have you ever gotten to a ball a bit late or a bit early, and found that your stroke went awry? When you play some points, do you find yourself rushing to win the point, and as a result, hit a shot for a "winner" that just lands outside the lines?
All of these examples illustrate the importance of proper timing when playing the game of tennis. Well this month, I want to spend some time talking about how one can actually improve the various ways timing comes to play in her/his game of tennis.
Lets begin with stroke timing. Finding the perfect contact point for a stroke is not simply a happenstance. Consistent hitting results from working hard to make certain that each ball struck is hit with the perfect contact point in mind.
If one hits the ball too early, it will invariably go more to the left (if right handed) and to the right (if left handed). Why? Well, when one hits the ball early, she/he is actually hitting the outside of the ball (the side farthest from the body of the player hitting the shot). Conversely, hitting the ball late forces one to hit the inside of the ball (the side closest to the player). The net result is that a late hit will force the ball to go more to the right (if right handed) and more to the left (if left handed). Hitting late almost always occurs when the player is "jammed" by a serve (meaning that the serve is hit with pace and directly at the receivers body).
Players that are new to the game make lots of mistakes with respect to timing. This is completely normal. In a sense, developing timing in a stroke is similar to learning how to parallel park with a car
both require practice.
To correct the problem of mistiming in strokes, several things must be done. First and foremost, one needs to hit lots of strokes. The more you hit, the better your timing will be. If you dont play tennis for several months (as is the case with many recreational players), you will probably find that upon picking up the racquet again, the major problem with stroke production is mistiming. It takes some time and practice to regain form. Generally, I find that players who have taken a break need at least a full month of hitting a minimum of three times per week to regain their form with respect to timing.
One can greatly help timing by hitting against a wall or backboard. I try to hit at least one day per week in this manner. The backboard can provide a means of hitting lots of balls in a controlled manner. By varying your distance from the wall or backboard, a player can hit balls that force him/her to move and setup differently. Sometimes, I will allow the ball to bounce only once after coming off the backboard. Other times, I will let it bounce twice. Why? Well again, I find that this provides variety to the pace of the ball and its bounce height. This variety is crucial in helping me developing proper stroke timing. After all, not every ball one hits bounces, spins and comes at the player in the same way. I actually practice volleys off the backboard or wall by moving very close to the wall. By focusing on making contact in front of my body, I find that my timing on volleys great improves when I return to hitting on a court. If one is interested in hitting on a backboard or wall, I would refer you to my previous article entitled "Solo Tennis."
Apart from hitting lots of balls, hitting them correctly is key to developing or recapturing proper timing. Every stroke has its own unique contact point
groundstrokes, volleys, serves, overheads
every stroke. The proper contact point is determined by ones grip on the racquet and by preferred hitting height. By hitting height, I mean how high a player lets the ball bounce before hitting it. Andre Agassi takes virtually every groundstroke "on the rise." He likes to hit these balls as they are still rising from the bounce. Other players will hit the ball at the peak of its bounce. Lastly, some players prefer to stay back from the bounce of the ball and make contact with it after it has reached its peak.
To determine what is the right contact point for you, I suggest you begin by referring to my earlier article entitled "Picture Perfect." This heavily illustrated column will show you various grip, stance and contact point combinations. Second, I would suggest that you videotape yourself hitting strokes
all strokes. Have a hitting partner rally with you. However, play points with this partner. Why? Well, rallying in practice is one thing
playing a point is much more likely to reveal the preferred contact point for each stroke.
Once you have determined the proper contact point for each stroke, it is then necessary to identify the proper distance, stance and position you need to be in
relationship to the actual bounce (of course, this does not apply to volleys and to hitting overheads). To learn these positions, one must have his/her attention on the ball. One needs to really see the ball in order to learn the perceptual reference that is necessary to develop consistently proper timing in stroke production. To help you, I would refer you to my very first column entitled, "See the Ball!"
Of course, early preparation greatly improves ones stroke timing. Getting set to hit the ball as early as is possible will automatically improve your stroke timing. By preparation, I do not mean that the racquet has to be all the way back as you move to the ball. In fact, if it is, you will probably not move to the ball quickly and efficiently. Rather, I mean that one needs to get ready to move to the ball quickly. If one has developed a shorter backstroke (which I strongly advise), the racquet "take back" will automatically be done well in advance of the actual forward motion of the racquet in the stroke. The keys here are: moving to the ball quickly and taking a short backswing with the racquet.
Getting that first step will be greatly improved if one does lots of off court training on footwork. Forget the distance running
it wont help here. Rather, run lots of sprints which will improve your foot speed. Second, make certain that you move forward (at least a little bit) every time you move to a ball. Too many players simply move from side to side
never taking even a small step forward to the ball. Early preparation means getting to the ball early. To do this, one needs to move forward.
A good drill to help you move properly is to have a hitting partner throw balls over the net. Your job is to catch the ball on its rise after bouncing. If you do this drill, you will see that you automatically move forward to each ball. An added benefit to this drill is that it encourages you to hit groundstrokes while the ball is still on its rise after bouncing. Hitting balls on the rise will increase your groundstroke pace and will invariably provide you with an aggressive backcourt game.
Finally, "freezing or quieting" ones head at the moment of contact will also improve timing. As is the case in golf, one does not want to have any movement of the head when actually hitting the ball. To ensure this, I try to force myself to look at the moment of contact (in truth, you never really see it) for a full second after hitting the ball. This makes my timing better, and usually means that my stroke finish will be full and consistent
both are very desirable stroke attributes.
Apart from stroke production and moving to the ball, timing takes on at least one other significant meaning in tennis. Going for winners requires proper timing.
Most of us like to believe that our winners win us matches. This is not the case on any level of the game. In reality, the person who makes fewest errors wins
not the person with the most winners.
Winners are tempting. They feel good when they go in, and they send a strong psychological message to our opponent. Yet, they need to be hit judiciously. When you attempt to hit winners is critical.
Here are my suggestions:
- Never try to hit a winner off of your weaker strokes.
- Never try to hit a winner when you are behind the baseline.
- Never try to hit a winner on the first stroke of the point
the odds are very much against you, if you do.
- Dont hit winners that are based on pace. Hit winners that are based upon placement.
- Dont try to crush every winner.
- Dont go for a winner when you are in a defensive position.
- When going for a winner, try to go crosscourt to allow for a greater margin of error.
If you keep your winner attempts within the above guidelines, I promise you that you will find that they are much more likely to actually win you the point.
Timing is also an important consideration when one considers the answer to the following questions: At what time of day do I normally prefer to play? At what time of year do I play my best tennis? Scheduling recreational matches, and entering tournaments with these questions in mind will help your win percentage. Unfortunately, tournaments do not allow contestants to determine match times. Still, some tournaments have fairly predictable match schedules. If you can, try to enter those in which you have the greatest chance for playing at ideal times.
I play my best tennis is the morning in the spring. When I was competing for USTA ranking, I made certain that most of my tournaments were played in April and May. Fortunately, the tournaments that I selected had morning matches. In 1993 and 1994, I made a USTA New England Sectional Ranking of 4 in Mens 5.0 Singles. Every time I look at these plaques on my wall, I realize how important timing was in the selection of tournaments to play.
Well hopefully, you will agree with me that timing is critical in the game of tennis.
If you work on proper timing, I assure you that in no time you will become a tennis overdog!